Emerging Innovators - 2019

Research Articles Publication

Original Human-Centric solutions designed by High-School students, using Whole-Systems-Design-Thinking process.

** Human-Centric Solutions is an approach to product/solution development that puts people first and focusses on user needs, desires and abilities at the center of the development process.

** Whole Systems Design Thinking is an approach that aims to integrate social, economic and environmental factors, interrelationships, and phenomena into a comprehensive design solution

Oxy-Pro Air Purifier

Author: Nitya Devisetti, Grade 11

High School: Cupertino High School

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
          This research article aims to address the observed overarching issue of excess carbon dioxide emissions in our atmosphere. My design solution targets indoor air pollutants and carbon dioxide excess indoors which pose significant health problems for people that spend hours indoors.
          Attempting to eliminate all of the excess carbon dioxide in our atmosphere is a large-scale problem that may take numerous changes, but starting small and aiming for better air indoors will start the track to tackling the enormous problem of climate change and improve indoor air quality.
          Biomimicry was a major inspiration for my solution design because I was able to study various organisms to develop a device that eliminates carbon dioxide and pollutants while producing oxygen for the occupants of the building.

Intelligent Autonomous System

Author: Ankit Pangarkar, Grade 12

High School: American High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
          The purpose of this research article is to design a lasting solution to an observed problem regarding the emerging innovation of self-driving cars. I observed that society demands completely autonomous vehicles, and in time, this will be a reality commonly faced. However, I also observed that no autonomous vehicle is yet safe to be driven in, or driven around, without any human intervention.
If autonomous vehicles are rushed into production, with the technology they currently possess, to satisfy the market, they will continue to pose a threat to human safety. Therefore, a drastic improvement in the technology, and the systems these vehicles utilize can effectively improve vehicular autonomy in general, rendering them safer to use.
By applying the methodology of combining nature and scientific technology, called biomimicry, I researched different approaches to develop a bioinspired solution called Intelligent Autonomous System (I.A.S.) which can guarantee safety in self-driving cars.

Abnormal Myelin Reduction Treatment

Author: Shreyas Rangan. Grade 12

High School: Milpitas High School

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:

            The purpose of this research article is to design an original solution for an observation of a problem. The observation is that people with an abundant amount of myelin find, have a hard time sending electrical and chemical impulses through the nervous system.

            For this problem, there is not enough research done to have a viable solution. However, with this solution, there may be some headway into a cure.

            I applied biomimicry to research new ways to look at the problem. I decided to use the polar opposite of abnormal myelin contents to tackle the problem.

The Absorbing Suit

Author: Vineel Kamani, Grade 10

High School: American High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
          This is a research article about designing a solution to prevent workplace injuries. Workplace accidents are the leading causes for musculoskeletal injuries. Companies are rather spending on workers compensations instead of finding preventive measures and improving workers safety. Employers are still providing cheap uniforms and unsafe environments to work in. Especially, these uniforms do not have protection for the torso and the limbs, where most injures are seen. Such workplace incidents leave employee’s disabled for life and sometimes it’s even fatal.
My research focused on designing a workplace uniform that protects the torso and the limbs. I used biomimicry, to study how animals are able to absorb shock and protect themselves against falls. I applied these nature inspired strategies to design a uniform called, “The Absorbing Suit” (TAS) which would mitigate the impacts of fall, protect the wearer, while being comfortable for daily use and is durable to withstand any rough handling.

 

The Lumi Light

Author: Isabella Thurmond, Grade 12

High School: Salesan College Prepatory - Richmond

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:

          The purpose of this research article is to construct a model of a light that is most ideal for any given situation. I had been thinking about solutions that can aid people in dire situations, such as the homeless, people who have recently suffered natural disasters and people who are experiencing blackouts or power outages. An essential to have in all of these situations is a light source.
            There are many options for light, but many serve to be inconvenient; wind-up flashlights are a hassle. battery powered flashlights may die too quick, and candles are not good for our lungs. 

            Keeping this in mind, I decided to create a storage light that mimics how fireflies produce light. Fireflies use oxygen to produce light, and oxygen being all around us it would be a wonderful power source for this light.

A New look for Quakeprrof Architecture

Author: Ananya Beevanapalli, Grade 12

High School: Milpitas High School

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
           The purpose of this research article is to design an original solution for an observation of an issue. My observations were on the disasters caused by earthquakes, as well as the additional expenses and energy required to build and maintain a building. When major earthquakes occur, the majority of the destruction are of buildings that could not handle the extreme vibrations and hence crashed down.

          With the ongoing occurrences of earthquakes, especially for countries on the Ring of Fire, we could minimize the effects of the vibration, since complete prevention is not humanly possible. On top of that, air ventilation and maintenance are expensive and energy-consuming. We could also minimize the expense and the energy needed when designing a new kind of architecture.

          I incorporated the new nature-inspired innovation methodology, called biomimicry, to research biological models and design a solution called qproof that would help architectural companies create buildings that are quakeproof and energy-efficient.

Microplastic Filtering System

Author: Sadhana Chari, Grade 9

High School: Irvington High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:

           Spectacularly small, microplastics are the threat we have not seen coming - until now. Microplastics are constantly affecting organisms in oceans, rivers, and other water bodies. Soon enough, this will come to bite us and because of this, I was inspired to research and find ways to help reduce the imposing threat of microplastics. I turned to biomimicry or looking to nature to find solutions to the problem of microplastics.

          This methodology known as biomimicry allowed me to create my solution - a filtration system for microplastics known as MFS or Microplastic Filtering System. My hope is that with the help of MFS, the number of microplastics entering water bodies would be phenomenally reduced.

The "Coolest" Jacket

Author: Shobha Srinivasan, Grade 12

High School: Notre Dame High School - San Jose

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
          The purpose of this research article was to address the risks of heat illnesses by designing an original solution. After considering how our actions are only speeding up the effects of climate change, I thought about how rising global temperatures might affect laborers who are forced to endure hot conditions and how it might affect their health. Using biomimicry, I designed a cooling jacket to help laborers protect themselves from extreme heat conditions and reduce completely preventable heat-related illnesses.

Clean Water System

Author: Dev Sondhi, Grade 9

High School: Washington High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:

         The reason for this article is to solve a major issue that affects many people in our world and even in our community. This issue is based off an important observation that I made. Many people in our world do not have access to clean and drinkable water. We need to change this because clean water is an essential need for us human beings.

          We cannot completely stop this situation, but we can greatly minimize it. In this article I will use a process called biomimicry. Biomimicry is the design and production of materials, structures, and systems that are modeled by mimicking biological entities and processes. This means that we can take inspiration from nature to help us design products that benefit our society. I designed a Clean Water System (CWS) inspired by several biological models which would help provide clean water, especially it will be very beneficial in areas where there is no proper water management systems.

Prevention Nets for Coastal Erosion

Author: Bahir Iqbal, Grade 11

High School: Irvington High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
        The purpose of this research paper is to find an original solution to a problem that I am concerned about. The problem I was concerned about is the problem of coastal erosion. Coastal Erosion can be a huge problem when it reaches out far enough and start to weaken the infrastructure and land. I looked for systems in nature to extract design strategies, a Biomimicry methodology for creating the net device to fight against coastal erosion. I use this in hopes of creating a sustainable solution to make it easier to deal with coastal erosion, while enabling the coastal animals and ecosystem to thrive.

Valve Solution for Sewage

Author: Roman Getnet, Grade 10

High School: Castro Valley High School

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:

        Sewage systems in many countries around the world are not advanced yet or they don’t have sewage systems at all. These countries have a large hole in the ground to store all the human waste. Since the toilet pipes are connected to the waste storage holes, the odor comes back up the pipe, out the toilet, and makes bathrooms smell terrible. Many countries have no way of stopping this odor without building a sewage system, but those are costly. Instead of dealing with the smell and constructing a sewage system, there can be a way to modify the pipes, using biomimicry, to stop the smell. Valves, similar to heart valves, could be built inside the pipes. These valves would open when flushing waste and close after flushing. The closing of these valves would restrict the foul waste smell from entering bathrooms.
To initiate the cover to open, there will be a sonar sensor. This sensor will sense the sound of the water in the toilet tank draining as someone flushes the toilet. Once the sensor senses this sound, it will send a signal to the pulse generators connected to the pipe. These generators make each part of the cover open/separate to let the waste and water flow through during the flushing. After the flushing has ended, the two-part cover will join together again, covering the entire inside of the pipe.

Emergency Evacuation during Flash Floods

Author: Shaunak Roy, Grade 10

High School: Washington High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
          In this research article, my goal was to identify a widely known issue in the current world and propose a prototype design that could help solve this issue. What I recognized is that as of now, the news always keeps talking about floods. This is one of the ultimate adverse effects of global warming.
Thousands of people are rendered homeless and many lives are lost due to such natural phenomenon. Of course, it is impossible to completely stop floods since it is after all a part of nature, but it is possible to save the lives of people trapped in these floods.
In the process of exploring for ideas to create this prototype design, I came across the field of science called biomimicry. Biomimicry talks about imitating the systems and structures from nature and incorporating it into technology today. I used inspirations from nature to create an Emergency Raft, which is designed to safely transport people trapped in floods to disaster relief shelters, as a form of last-minute emergency evacuation.

Nature's Water Filters

Author: Elton Lee, Grade 10

High School: American High School - Fremont

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:

      The purpose of this research article is to find a more natural way to make a water filter. For this I used industrial design methods and knowledge of resources existing in nature to construct this filter. I was able to design a simple water filter made out of all natural and readily available materials, which could be easily constructed by anyone and also be distributed as do-it-yourself (DIY) kits. Although it maybe crude this filter would filter out most of the particles, toxins, and harmful bacteria. With this device the clean water could become a reality for many people around the world who may not have access to expensive water filters or safe drinking water.

Nature Inspired Bridge

Author: Arianna Jeet, Grade 9

High School: Newark Memorial High School

Publication Date: 07/19/2019

Abstract:
      The purpose of this research article is to design a solution to an issue I had observed. I had observed bridges and how sometimes the cables could snap, or the bridge could collapse due to how old it is. The main issue especially in California is earthquakes, as in the Bay Area we live on the San Andreas fault line and currently earthquakes are happening.
I have applied Biomimicry with my research and designed a solution called the Nature Inspired Bridge (NIB). This solution will make sure the bridges are strong and sturdy to help it withstand against natural disasters or other problems that may occur.

Emerging Innovator - 2018

Power-lines Fire Terminator

Author: Amita Gowda, Grade 7

School: Fremont Christian School

Publication Date: 11/03/2018

Abstract: 

The purpose of this research article is to design an original solution for an observation of an issue. My observation was on the wild-fires in California and the frequent occurrences of it. When these wild-fires meets our power grid, it turns into electrical fires and causes horrific devastation.

With the current extreme weather conditions and drought in California, it is not possible to completely stop wild-fires, but we could minimize the impact by stopping the wild-fires from becoming electrical fires.

I applied the new nature inspired innovation methodology, called Biomimicry, to research biological models and designed a solution called, Power-lines Fire Terminator (PFT) that would help utility companies to take intelligent and swift actions proactively and avoid future devastation.

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